Socio-Geographic Urban Research

Cape Town Copyright: Eric Suder

Urbanization and Everyday Mobility in Muscat/Oman

Processed by: Maike Didero and Carmella Pfaffenbach with Sonja Nebel from Berlin

For more than four decades labour migration has contributed – and still is contributing – immensely to the development of the Sultanate of Oman. The Capital Area of Muscat is the centre of attraction for most immigrants, especially those from Europe and Asia regardless of their qualification. Because of this extraordinarily high and rapid growth dynamic, urban society is experiencing very heterogenic processes that in turn accelerate specific forms of fragmentation in urban space and social environment.

This empirical study using qualitative methods focuses on migrants’ biographies and their identity construction. It furthermore looks at the organisation and structure of as well as the social interaction within the migrant communities, for example networks. The integration of its members into Omani society is another focal topic. In migrant communities the individual’s respective position in the hierarchy of the labour market and his/her subsequent social standing vary significantly depending on the ethnic group he/she belongs to. To depict the wide range of migrants’ social and economic positions, Egyptians, Indians, Sri Lankan, Bangladeshi and Europeans were selected as focus groups and interviews will follow. The research project aims at disclosing how and to what extent heterogenisation and fragmentation emerge from migrants’ everyday practices. This information at hand helps analysing the possibilities, conditions and constraints as well as the interests of the different migrant communities towards a social and spatial integration in Omani society.

Funded by the German Research Foundation (DFG)
Duration: 2015 - 2018

Social Innovation of Graffiti-Murals in German Cities

Mobility Practices in the Everyday Life Context of Young Families in the Rhine-Ruhr Metropolitan Area, Germany

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PhD Project within Forschungskolleg ACCESS!, RWTH Aachen University

Processed by: Eric Suder

The research study “Mobilitšt in Deutschland”, published in 2018, concludes, that the car is still the major mode used in everyday life mobility. Especially families with young children use the car frequently. Within the context of an interview study in four municipalities of Rhine-Ruhr metropolitan area, this PhD project examines young families’ mobility practices and the question, why a lot of families choose the car as a mean of transportation. Thereby, possible challenges including a limited time budget and increased financial costs come into the research focus. The strategies to deal with these challenges but also a possible mobility-based social exclusion are analyzed within this project. Which strategies are used for example by low-income families, families without a car or full-time working parents? For the purpose of sustainability, it is analyzed, which changes in service supply, infrastructure and personal environment would be necessary, in order to design municipalities even more family friendly and change families’ mobility practices not to be so car-oriented any more.

Funded by the Ministery of Culture and Science, North Rhine-Westphalia
Duration: 2016 - 2020